Skip to main content

You are viewing Agora Docs forBeta products and features. Switch to Docs

User attributes management

User attributes refers to the label information added for the user, including key-value pairs.

This page shows how to call Chat RESTful APIs to manage user attributes, including adding, deleting, modifying, and retrieving user attributes.

Before calling the following methods, make sure you understand the call frequency limit of the Chat RESTful APIs as described in Limitations.

Common parameters

The following table lists common request and response parameters of the Chat RESTful APIs:

Request parameters

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
hostStringThe domain name assigned by the Chat service to access RESTful APIs. For how to get the domain name, see Get the information of your project.Yes
org_nameStringThe unique identifier assigned to each company (organization) by the Chat service. For how to get the org name, see Get the information of your project.Yes
app_nameStringThe unique identifier assigned to each app by the Chat service. For how to get the app name, see Get the information of your project.Yes
usernameStringThe unique login account of the user. The user ID must be 64 characters or less and cannot be empty. The following character sets are supported:
  • 26 lowercase English letters (a-z)
  • 26 uppercase English letters (A-Z)
  • 10 numbers (0-9)
  • "_", "-", "."
  • The username is case insensitive, so Aa and aa are the same username.
  • Ensure that each username under the same app is unique.
  • Do not set this parameter as a UUID, email address, phone number, or other sensitive information.
Yes

Response parameters

ParameterTypeDescription
actionStringThe request method.
organizationStringThe unique identifier assigned to each company (organization) by the Chat service. This is the same as org_name.
applicationStringA unique internal ID assigned to each app by the Chat service. You can safely ignore this parameter.
applicationNameStringThe unique identifier assigned to each app by the Chat service . This is the same as app_name.
uriStringThe request URI.
entities JSONThe response entity.
timestampNumberThe Unix timestamp (ms) of the HTTP response.
durationNumberThe duration (ms) from when the HTTP request is sent to the time the response is received.

Authorization

Chat RESTful APIs require Bearer HTTP authentication. Every time an HTTP request is sent, the following Authorization field must be filled in the request header:


_1
Authorization: Bearer ${YourAppToken}

In order to improve the security of the project, Agora uses a token (dynamic key) to authenticate users before they log in to the chat system. Chat RESTful APIs only support authenticating users using app tokens. For details, see Authentication using App Token.

Setting user attributes

User attributes are composed of multiple key-value pairs of attribute names and attribute values, and each attribute name has one corresponding attribute value.

For each App Key, the call frequency limit of this method is 100 per second.

The total length of attributes for one user cannot exceed 2 KB, and the total length of attributes for all users under an app cannot exceed 10 GB.

HTTP request


_1
PUT https://{host}/{org_name}/{app_name}/metadata/user/{username}

Path parameter

For the parameters and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

Request header

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
Content-TypeStringapplication/x-www-form-urlencodedYes
AuthorizationStringThe authentication token of the user or admin, in the format of Bearer ${YourAppToken}, where Bearer is a fixed character, followed by an English space, and then the obtained token value.Yes

Request body

The request body is in the format of JSON String, and the length cannot exceed 4 KB. The request body contains the following fields:

FieldTypeDescriptionRequired
KeyStringAttribute nameYes
ValueStringAttribute valueYes

When you call this RESTful API to set the user's nickname, avatar, contact information, email address, gender, signature, birthday and extension fields, you must pass in the following keys to make sure that the client can obtain the settings from the server:

FieldTypeDescription
nicknameStringThe user nickname, which can contain at most 64 characters.
avatarurlStringThe user avatar URL, which can contain at most 256 characters.
phoneStringThe user's phone number, which can contain at most 32 characters.
mailStringThe user's email address, which can contain at most 64 characters.
genderNumberThe user gender:
  • 1:Male;
  • 2:Female;
  • (Default) 0: Unknown;
  • Other values are invalid.
signStringThe user's signature, which can contain at most 256 characters.
birthStringThe user's birthday, which can contain at most 64 characters.
extStringThe extension fields.

HTTP response

Response body

If the returned HTTP status code is 200, the request succeeds, and the response body contains the following fields:

ParameterTypeDescription
dataJSONThe details of the response. It contains the user attribute key-value pair you set in this request.

For other fields and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

If the returned HTTP status code is not 200, the request fails. You can refer to Status codes for possible reasons.

Example

The user attributes used in this example are named ext, nickname, and avatar. You can customize user attributes according to actual business scenarios.

Request example


_2
# Replace {YourAppToken} with the app token generated in your server.
_2
curl -X PUT -H 'Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded' -H 'Authorization: Bearer {YourAppToken}' -d 'avatarurl=http://www.agorachat.com/avatar.png&ext=ext&nickname=nickname' 'http://XXXX/XXXX/XXXX/metadata/user/XXXX'

Response example


_9
{
_9
"timestamp": 1620445147011,
_9
"data": {
_9
"ext": "ext",
_9
"nickname": "nickname",
_9
"avatarurl": "http://XXXX.png"
_9
},
_9
"duration": 166
_9
}

Retrieving user attributes

Retrieves the user attributes of the specified user.

For each App Key, the call frequency limit of this method is 100 per second.

HTTP request


_1
GET https://{host}/{org_name}/{app_name}/metadata/user/{username}

Path parameter

For the parameters and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

Request header

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
Content-TypeStringapplication/jsonYes
AuthorizationStringThe authentication token of the user or admin, in the format of Bearer ${YourAppToken}, where Bearer is a fixed character, followed by an English space, and then the obtained token value.Yes

HTTP response

Response body

If the returned HTTP status code is 200, the request succeeds, and the response body contains the following fields:

ParameterTypeDescription
dataJSONThe details of the response. It contains all user attribute key-value pairs for this user.
If data is empty, ensure that the username exists or the user has at least one user attribute.

For other fields and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

If the returned HTTP status code is not 200, the request fails. You can refer to Status codes for possible reasons.

Example

Request example


_2
# Replace {YourAppToken} with the app token generated in your server.
_2
curl -X GET -H 'Authorization: Bearer {YourAppToken}' -H 'Content-Type: application/json''http://XXXX/XXXX/XXXX/metadata/user/XXXX'

Response example


_9
{
_9
"timestamp": 1620445147011,
_9
"data": {
_9
"ext": "ext",
_9
"nickname": "nickname",
_9
"avatar": "http://XXXX.png"
_9
},
_9
"duration": 166
_9
}

Retrieving the user attributes of multiple users

Retrieves the user attributes of multiple users by specifying the user name list and user attribute list.

For each App Key, the call frequency limit of this method is 100 per second.

HTTP request


_1
POST https://{host}/{org_name}/{app_name}/metadata/user/get

Path parameter

For the parameters and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

Request header

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
Content-TypeStringapplication/jsonYes
AuthorizationStringThe authentication token of the user or admin, in the format of Bearer ${YourAppToken}, where Bearer is a fixed character, followed by an English space, and then the obtained token value.Yes

Request body

The request body is a JSON object with the following fields:

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
targetsJSONArrayA list of usernames to be queried, containing up to 100 usernames.Yes
propertiesJSONArrayA list of attribute names to be queried.Yes

HTTP response

Response body

If the returned HTTP status code is 200, the request succeeds, and the response body contains the following fields:

ParameterTypeDescription
dataJSONThe details of the response. It contains all user attribute key-value pairs for this user.
If data is empty, ensure that the username exists or the user has at least one user attribute.

For other fields and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

If the returned HTTP status code is not 200, the request fails. You can refer to Status codes for possible reasons.

Example

Request example


_13
# Replace {YourAppToken} with the app token generated in your server.
_13
curl -X POST -H 'Authorization: Bearer {YourAppToken}' -H 'Content-Type: application/json' -d '{
_13
"properties": [
_13
"avatar",
_13
"ext",
_13
"nickname"
_13
],
_13
"targets": [
_13
"user1",
_13
"user2",
_13
"user3"
_13
]
_13
}' 'http://XXXX/XXXX/XXXX/metadata/user/get'

Response example


_21
{
_21
"timestamp": 1620448826647,
_21
"data": {
_21
"user1": {
_21
"ext": "ext",
_21
"nickname": "nickname",
_21
"avatar": "http://XXXX.png"
_21
},
_21
"user2": {
_21
"ext": "ext",
_21
"nickname": "nickname",
_21
"avatar": "http://XXXX.png"
_21
},
_21
"user3": {
_21
"ext": "ext",
_21
"nickname": "nickname",
_21
"avatar": "http://XXXX.png"
_21
}
_21
},
_21
"duration": 3
_21
}

Retrieving the total size of user attributes in the app

This method retrieves the total size of user attributes under the app.

For each App Key, the call frequency limit of this method is 100 per second.

HTTP request


_1
GET https://{host}/{org_name}/{app_name}/metadata/user/capacity

Path parameter

For the parameters and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

Request header

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
AuthorizationStringThe authentication token of the user or admin, in the format of Bearer ${YourAppToken}, where Bearer is a fixed character, followed by an English space, and then the obtained token value.Yes

HTTP response

Response body

If the returned HTTP status code is 200, the request is successful, and the response body contains the following fields:

ParameterTypeDescription
dataNumberThe total length of the user attributes under the app, in bytes.

For other fields and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

If the returned HTTP status code is not 200, the request fails. You can refer to Status codes for possible reasons.

Example

Request example


_1
curl -X GET -H 'Authorization: Bearer {YourAppToken}''http://XXXX/XXXX/XXXX/metadata/user/capacity'

Response example


_5
{
_5
"timestamp": 1620447051368,
_5
"data": 1673,
_5
"duration": 55
_5
}

Deleting user attributes

This method deletes all the user attributes of the specified user.

For each App Key, the call frequency limit of this method is 100 per second.

HTTP request


_1
DELETE https://{host}/{org_name}/{app_name}/metadata/user/{username}

Path parameter

For the parameters and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

Request header

ParameterTypeDescriptionRequired
AuthorizationStringThe authentication token of the user or admin, in the format of Bearer ${YourAppToken}, where Bearer is a fixed character, followed by an English space, and then the obtained token value.Yes

HTTP response

Response body

If the returned HTTP status code is 200, the request succeeds, and the response body contains the following fields:

ParameterTypeDescription
dataBoolWhether the user attribute is deleted successfully. If data is true, the user attribute is deleted.
If the specified user does not exist, or the user attribute of the specified user does not exist, the deletion is still considered successful.

For other fields and detailed descriptions, see Common parameters.

If the returned HTTP status code is not 200, the request fails. You can refer to Status codes for possible reasons.

Example

Request example


_1
curl -X DELETE -H 'Authorization: Bearer {YourAppToken}' 'http://XXXX/XXXX/XXXX/metadata/user/XXXX'

Response example


_5
{
_5
"timestamp": 1616573382270,
_5
"duration": 10,
_5
"data": true
_5
}

Status codes

For details, see HTTP Status Codes.

vundefined