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Manage chat room attributes

Chat room attributes consist of basic attributes (such as room subject, room description, and room announcement) and custom attributes. When basic attributes cannot satisfy the business requirements, users can add custom attributes that are synchronized with all chat room members. Custom attributes can be used to store information such as chat room type, game roles, game status, and host positions. They are stored as key-value maps, and the updates of custom attributes are synchronized with all chat room members.

This page shows how to use the Agora Chat SDK to manage basic and custom attributes of chat rooms in your app.

Understand the tech

The Agora Chat SDK provides the ChatManager and ChatRoom classes for chat room management, which allow you to implement the following features:

  • Retrieve or modify basic attributes of a chat room
  • Retrieve custom attributes of a chat room
  • Set custom attributes of a chat room
  • Remove custom attributes of a chat room

Prerequisites

Before proceeding, ensure that you meet the following requirements:

  • You have initialized the Chat SDK. For details, see SDK quickstart.
  • You understand the call frequency limit of the Chat APIs supported by different pricing plans as described in Limitations.
  • You understand the number of chat rooms supported by different pricing plans as described in Pricing Plan Details.

Implementation

This section introduces how to call the APIs provided by the Chat SDK to implement the features listed above.

Manage basic chat room attributes

Retrieve basic chat room attributes

All the chat room members can call fetchChatRoomFromServer to retrieve the detailed information of the current chat room, including the subject, announcements, description, member type, and admin list.


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// Fetches basic attributes including ID, name, description, maximum members, owners, roles, and whether all members are muted.
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ChatRoom chatRoom = ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().fetchChatRoomFromServer(chatRoomId);

Change chat room subject or description

Only the chat room owner and admin can set and update the chat room subject and description.


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// Modifies the chat room subject.
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ChatRoom chatRoom = ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().changeChatRoomSubject(chatRoomId, newSubject);
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// Modifies the chat room description.
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ChatRoom chatRoom = ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().changeChatroomDescription(chatRoomId, newDescription);

Retrieve or change chat room announcements

All the chat room members can retrieve the chat room announcements.

Only the chat room owner and admin can set and update the announcements. Once the announcements are updated, all the chat room members receive the onAnnouncementChanged callback.


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// Retrieves the chat room announcements.
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String announcement = ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().fetchChatRoomAnnouncement(chatRoomId);
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// Sets or updates the chat room announcements.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().updateChatRoomAnnouncement(chatRoomId, announcement);

Manage custom chat room attributes

Set a custom attribute

Chat room members can call asyncSetChatroomAttributes to set one single custom attribute. Use this method to add new custom attributes or update existing attributes that set by yourself. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesUpdate callback.


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// Sets a custom attribute by specifying chat room ID, attribute key, and attribute value.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncSetChatroomAttribute(chatRoomId, attributeKey, attributeValue, false, new CallBack() {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess() {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});

If you want to update a custom attribute that is set by other members, call asyncSetChatroomAttributesForced instead. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesUpdate callback.


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// Sets a custom attribute by specifying chat room ID, attribute key, and attribute value.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncSetChatroomAttributesForced(chatRoomId, attributeKey, attributeValue, false, new CallBack() {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess() {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});

Set multiple custom attributes

To set multiple custom attributes, call the asyncSetChatroomAttributes method with same name. Use this method to add new custom attributes or update existing attributes that set by yourself. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesUpdate callback.


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// Sets a custom attribute by specifying chat room ID, attribute key, and attribute value.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncSetChatroomAttributesForced(chatRoomId, attributeKey, attributeValue, false, new CallBack() {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess() {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});

If you want to update custom attributes that set by other members, call asyncSetChatroomAttributesForced instead. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesUpdate callback.


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// Sets a custom attribute by specifying chat room ID and the key-value maps of the attributes.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncSetChatroomAttributesForced(chatRoomId, map, false, new ResultCallBack < Map < String, Integer >> () {
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@Override
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public void onResult(int code, Map < String, Integer > failureMap) {
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// code == Error.EM_NO_ERROR indicates all the custom attributes are set successfully. In this case, failureMap is an empty map.
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// code != Error.EM_NO_ERROR indicates that the request fails. For error reasons please refer to the Error class.
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// In this case, failureMap contains the custom attributes that are not set successfully, and value represents the error code.
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}
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});

Retrieve specified or all custom attributes

All chat room members can call asyncFetchChatroomAttributesFromServer or asyncFetchChatRoomAllAttributesFromServer to retrieve specified or all custom attributes of the chat room.


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// Retrieves certain custom attributes by specifying chat room ID and attribute keys.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncFetchChatroomAttributesFromServer(chatRoomId, keyList, new ValueCallBack < Map < String, String >> () {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess(Map < String, String > value) {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});
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// Retrieves all custom attributes by specifying chat room ID.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncFetchChatRoomAllAttributesFromServer(chatRoomId, new ValueCallBack < Map < String, String >> () {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess(Map < String, String > value) {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});

Remove a custom attribute

Chat room members can call asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributesFromServer to remove one single custom attribute that is set by themselves. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesRemoved callback.


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// Removes a custom attribute by specifying chat room ID and attribute key.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributeFromServer(chatRoomId, attributeKey, new CallBack() {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess() {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});

If you want to update custom attributes that set by other members, call asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributesFromServerForced instead. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesRemoved callback.


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// Removes a custom attribute by specifying chat room ID and attribute key.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributeFromServerForced(chatRoomId, attributeKey, new CallBack() {
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@Override
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public void onSuccess() {}
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@Override
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public void onError(int error, String errorMsg) {}
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});

Remove multiple custom attributes

To remove multiple custom attributes, chat room members can call the asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributesFromServer method with same name to remove multiple custom attributes that are set by themselves. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesRemoved callback.


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// Removes multiple custom attributes by specifying chat room ID and the attribute key list.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributesFromServer(chatRoomId, keyList, new ResultCallBack < Map < String, Integer >> () {
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@Override
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public void onResult(int code, Map < String, Integer > failureMap) {
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// code == Error.EM_NO_ERROR indicates all the custom attributes are removed successfully. In this case, failureMap is an empty map.
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// code != Error.EM_NO_ERROR indicates that the request fails. For error reasons please refer to the Error class.
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// In this case, failureMap contains the custom attributes that are not removed successfully, and value represents the error code.
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}
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});

If you want to update custom attributes that set by other members, call asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributesFromServerForced instead. After you successfully call this method, other members in the chat room receive an onAttributesRemoved callback.


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// Removes multiple custom attributes by specifying chat room ID and the attribute key list.
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ChatClient.getInstance().chatroomManager().asyncRemoveChatRoomAttributesFromServerForced(chatRoomId, keyList, new ResultCallBack < Map < String, Integer >> () {
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@Override
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public void onResult(int code, Map < String, Integer > failureMap) {
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// code == Error.EM_NO_ERROR indicates all the custom attributes are removed successfully. In this case, failureMap is an empty map.
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// code != Error.EM_NO_ERROR indicates that the request fails. For error reasons please refer to the Error class.
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// In this case, failureMap contains the custom attributes that are not removed successfully, and value represents the error code.
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}
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});

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